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What is the Energy Performance Certificate?

Posted by Yolanda Jimenez on July 5, 2016
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On the 1st of June of 2013 Spain gives a response to the Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament about Energy Performance of Buildings in Europe. This late arrival is the second of 2 compulsory steps: The first one was taken in 2007 with the Codigo Tecnico and R.D. 47/2007, which obliged NEW developments to install solar panelling for hot tap water, for instance, among many other measurements. The second step, NOW, is for the EXISTING buildings. It doesn’t reach, precisely, at the best moment of building business in Spain, but the regulation comes from the EU and has no turning point.

certificado energético |


Who needs an EPC? (Certificado de Eficiencia Energetica in Spanish)

Acording to R.D. 235/2013 (Royal Decree which regulates the European Directory in Spain), every person who owns a property built before 2007 and is giving their property for sale or for rent needs to provide the new owner with a label with an energetic letter, that can range from A to G. A for the best energetic performance and G for the worst.

What’s an EPC?

The EPC is given by the Regional Government (Comunidad Valenciana if you live in the Costa Blanca) and it is the ENERGETIC LABEL that it was mentioned above. To be able to get it, a report signed by an architect, building engineer, civil engineer or industrial engineer will be necessary. The technician (architect, building engineer…) will need to visit the property and take some measurements and other information (thermal insulation, kind of heating/air conditioning system, electric consumption-bills by Iberdrola…) Later on they will do the calculations with a software specially designed for that purpose. Finally a report will be submited to the client. This report will be essential to take the next step: register your property online to get the energetic label or EPC. This last step has to be taken by the owner directly according to law, but he also can give authorization to some other person who will fill in the online forms. An electronic signature will be needed to achieve a good result.

The EPC will be valid for 10 years, and it will include some recommendations to improve the energetic performance of the house. This recommendations are not compulsory, they are for you to understand how you could save some money in your electric or gas bill and subsequently reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The E.U. plans to reduce these a 20% by the year 2020. The EPC’s intention is to collaborate with this plan. Every country belonging to the E.U. must do the same.

Who will ask for the EPC?

The obligation of passing the EPC to the purchaser or tenant is for the owner, but most probably the notary or the land registry will not inscribe the new title deeds without a proper EPC. It is not their duty, though, but they’ll propbably help the process making it virtually impossible to sell a property with no EPC present at the moment of the transmission. If somehow this doesn’t happen and you manage to sell without accomplishing with your obligation, the regional government can set a fine: from 300€ up to 6000€.

Need an Energy Performance Certificate?

This article was written Pedro Pablo Miralles Quiles of Pesarchitect, our architect. If you want to contact him, just click on the following image and he will personally take charge.